RNA structure alignment by a unit-vector approach

TitleRNA structure alignment by a unit-vector approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsCapriotti, E, Marti-Renom, MA
KeywordsAlgorithms Base Sequence Computer Simulation *Models; Chemical *Models; Molecular Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Conformation RNA/*chemistry/*ultrastructure Sequence Alignment/*methods Sequence Analysis; RNA/*methods *Software

MOTIVATION: The recent discovery of tiny RNA molecules such as microRNAs and small interfering RNA are transforming the view of RNA as a simple information transfer molecule. Similar to proteins, the native three-dimensional structure of RNA determines its biological activity. Therefore, classifying the current structural space is paramount for functionally annotating RNA molecules. The increasing numbers of RNA structures deposited in the PDB requires more accurate, automatic and benchmarked methods for RNA structure comparison. In this article, we introduce a new algorithm for RNA structure alignment based on a unit-vector approach. The algorithm has been implemented in the SARA program, which results in RNA structure pairwise alignments and their statistical significance. RESULTS: The SARA program has been implemented to be of general applicability even when no secondary structure can be calculated from the RNA structures. A benchmark against the ARTS program using a set of 1275 non-redundant pairwise structure alignments results in inverted approximately 6% extra alignments with at least 50% structurally superposed nucleotides and base pairs. A first attempt to perform RNA automatic functional annotation based on structure alignments indicates that SARA can correctly assign the deepest SCOR classification to >60% of the query structures. AVAILABILITY: The SARA program is freely available through a World Wide Web server http://sgu.bioinfo.cipf.es/services/SARA/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Capriotti, Emidio Marti-Renom, Marc A Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t England Bioinformatics (Oxford, England) Bioinformatics. 2008 Aug 15;24(16):i112-8.