Fast inexact mapping using advanced tree exploration on backward search methods.

TitleFast inexact mapping using advanced tree exploration on backward search methods.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSalavert, J, Tomás, A, Tárraga, J, Medina, I, Dopazo, J, Blanquer, I
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Date Published2015 Jan 28
KeywordsAlgorithms; Genome, Human; Genomics; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; Humans; Sequence Alignment; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Software

BACKGROUND: Short sequence mapping methods for Next Generation Sequencing consist on a combination of seeding techniques followed by local alignment based on dynamic programming approaches. Most seeding algorithms are based on backward search alignment, using the Burrows Wheeler Transform, the Ferragina and Manzini Index or Suffix Arrays. All these backward search algorithms have excellent performance, but their computational cost highly increases when allowing errors. In this paper, we discuss an inexact mapping algorithm based on pruning strategies for search tree exploration over genomic data.

RESULTS: The proposed algorithm achieves a 13x speed-up over similar algorithms when allowing 6 base errors, including insertions, deletions and mismatches. This algorithm can deal with 400 bps reads with up to 9 errors in a high quality Illumina dataset. In this example, the algorithm works as a preprocessor that reduces by 55% the number of reads to be aligned. Depending on the aligner the overall execution time is reduced between 20-40%.

CONCLUSIONS: Although not intended as a complete sequence mapping tool, the proposed algorithm could be used as a preprocessing step to modern sequence mappers. This step significantly reduces the number reads to be aligned, accelerating overall alignment time. Furthermore, this algorithm could be used for accelerating the seeding step of already available sequence mappers. In addition, an out-of-core index has been implemented for working with large genomes on systems without expensive memory configurations.

Alternate JournalBMC Bioinformatics
PubMed ID25626517
PubMed Central IDPMC4384339